An image of a wind generator farm

Wind Energy

Below is a brief history of, and facts about, wind energy

According to The International Renewable Energy Agency , wind energy began over a century ago, starting in 1887, but modern wind power came from Denmark, in 1897. In Cleveland, Ohio in 1887-1888 , Chales F. Brush created an 18 meter tall wind turbine, with a rotor 17 meters in diameter. It had 144 blades, but could only generate 15 kilowatts of power. By 1900, the machine fell into disuse and was completely abandoned in 1908.

Wind energy accounts for about 2% of the world's energy. Analysts say it should be expanded much faster - over 1% more generated per year. This would help reach the Paris Agreement goals to limit climate change faster.

Wind turbines, which are one of the ways wind energy is generated, can be onshore or offshore. Currently, the United Kingdom has the most turbines in a single offshore farm, totalling 174 turbines, generating 1218 Megawatts of power. They also hold number 2 and number 3 of the largest offshore farms, holding 189 turbines that generate 1026 Megawatts of power and 90 turbines that generate 857 Megawatts, respectively.

In the United States, nearly 7% of energy is generated by wind turbines. Most farms are in the Central Plains, with slow expansion elsewhere. Texas has the most wind power capacity, followed by Iowa and Oklahoma. Iowa leads in terms of how much is produced and distributed to places.